Rails handles deeply nested sql

09Feb07

Here’s a quick summary of the rails code Greg mentioned me sharing at the RubyHam Code Day. For an insurance project I’ve defined the following relationships:

class BmicQuote < ActiveRecord::Base
  belongs_to :agent
  has_many :quote_items, :order => :position
  has_many :insurances, :as => :insurable
  has_many :insureds, :through => :insurances
end
class QuoteItem < ActiveRecord::Base
  belongs_to :bmic_quote
  acts_as_list :scope => :bmic_quote_id
  has_many :item_perils
  has_many :quote_item_liens, :order => :position
  has_many :liens, :through => :policy_item_liens
end
class ItemPeril < ActiveRecord::Base
  belongs_to :quote_item
end
class Insurance < ActiveRecord::Base
  belongs_to :insured
  belongs_to :insurable, :polymorphic => true
end
class Insured < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :insurances, :as => :insurable
  has_many :bmic_quotes, :through => :insurances
end
class Agent < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :bmic_quotes
end
class Lien < ActiveRecord::Base
  belongs_to :lienholder
  has_many :quote_items, :through => :quote_item_liens
  has_many :quote_item_liens, :dependent => :destroy
end
class Lienholder < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :liens
  has_one :address, :as => :addressable
end
class Address < ActiveRecord::Base
  belongs_to :addressable, :polymorphic => true
end

From these relationships, I wanted to generate a json object containing almost the whole object tree but wanted to accomplish this with one rails sql call. Possible, absolutely!! A blog post got me started, but did not quite go to the depths I needed. After a little tinkering, the following rails code worked:

BmicQuote.find(params[:id],
                   :include => [ {'insurances' => { 'insured' => 'address' } },
                                 {'agent' => 'address' },
                                 {'policy_items' => ['item_perils',
                                 { 'liens' => { 'lienholder' => 'address' } } ] } ])

generating all this sql:

———————————————————
SELECT bmic_quotes.`id` AS t0_r0, bmic_quotes.`agent_id` AS t0_r1, bmic_quotes.`policy_number` AS t0_r2, bmic_quotes.`type_of_policy` AS t0_r3, bmic_quotes.`starts_on` AS t0_r4, bmic_quotes.`expires_on` AS t0_r5, bmic_quotes.`term` AS t0_r6, bmic_quotes.`rewrite_of` AS t0_r7, bmic_quotes.`city_id` AS t0_r8, bmic_quotes.`county_id` AS t0_r9, bmic_quotes.`description_for_dec` AS t0_r10, bmic_quotes.`deductible` AS t0_r11, bmic_quotes.`bill_to` AS t0_r12, bmic_quotes.`dec_page` AS t0_r13, bmic_quotes.`created_at` AS t0_r14, bmic_quotes.`processed_at` AS t0_r15, bmic_quotes.`updated_at` AS t0_r16, bmic_quotes.`amount_paid` AS t0_r17, bmic_quotes.`location_code` AS t0_r18, bmic_quotes.`occupancy_code` AS t0_r19, bmic_quotes.`protection_class` AS t0_r20, bmic_quotes.`number_of_families` AS t0_r21, bmic_quotes.`converted_to_policy_at` AS t0_r22, bmic_quotes.`forms_code` AS t0_r23, bmic_quotes.`address_id` AS t0_r24, bmic_quotes.`policy_id` AS t0_r25, insurances.`id` AS t1_r0, insurances.`insured_id` AS t1_r1, insurances.`insurable_type` AS t1_r2, insurances.`insurable_id` AS t1_r3, insureds.`id` AS t2_r0, insureds.`first_name` AS t2_r1, insureds.`last_name` AS t2_r2, insureds.`name` AS t2_r3, insureds.`email` AS t2_r4, insureds.`dba_name` AS t2_r5, insureds.`version` AS t2_r6, insureds.`middle_name` AS t2_r7, addresses.`id` AS t3_r0, addresses.`line1` AS t3_r1, addresses.`line2` AS t3_r2, addresses.`city` AS t3_r3, addresses.`state` AS t3_r4, addresses.`zip_code` AS t3_r5, addresses.`addressable_id` AS t3_r6, addresses.`addressable_type` AS t3_r7, addresses.`version` AS t3_r8, agents.`id` AS t4_r0, agents.`first_name` AS t4_r1, agents.`last_name` AS t4_r2, agents.`name` AS t4_r3, agents.`email` AS t4_r4, agents.`phone1` AS t4_r5, agents.`phone2` AS t4_r6, agents.`fax` AS t4_r7, agents.`agent_number` AS t4_r8, agents.`address_id` AS t4_r9, addresses_agents.`id` AS t5_r0, addresses_agents.`line1` AS t5_r1, addresses_agents.`line2` AS t5_r2, addresses_agents.`city` AS t5_r3, addresses_agents.`state` AS t5_r4, addresses_agents.`zip_code` AS t5_r5, addresses_agents.`addressable_id` AS t5_r6, addresses_agents.`addressable_type` AS t5_r7, addresses_agents.`version` AS t5_r8, quote_items.`id` AS t6_r0, quote_items.`bmic_quote_id` AS t6_r1, quote_items.`protection_class` AS t6_r2, quote_items.`occupancy_code` AS t6_r3, quote_items.`item_type` AS t6_r4, quote_items.`construction` AS t6_r5, quote_items.`coverage` AS t6_r6, quote_items.`address_line1` AS t6_r7, quote_items.`address_line2` AS t6_r8, quote_items.`city` AS t6_r9, quote_items.`state` AS t6_r10, quote_items.`zip_code` AS t6_r11, quote_items.`sequence` AS t6_r12, quote_items.`item_code` AS t6_r13, quote_items.`updated_at` AS t6_r14, quote_items.`position` AS t6_r15, quote_items.`number_of_stories` AS t6_r16, quote_items.`description` AS t6_r17, quote_items.`additional_details` AS t6_r18, item_perils.`id` AS t7_r0, item_perils.`peril` AS t7_r1, item_perils.`premium` AS t7_r2, item_perils.`alternate_coverage` AS t7_r3, item_perils.`perilable_id` AS t7_r4, item_perils.`perilable_type` AS t7_r5, liens.`id` AS t8_r0, liens.`lienholder_id` AS t8_r1, liens.`lien_number` AS t8_r2, lienholders.`id` AS t9_r0, lienholders.`name` AS t9_r1, lienholders.`address_id` AS t9_r2, lienholders.`legacy_identifier` AS t9_r3, addresses_lienholders.`id` AS t10_r0, addresses_lienholders.`line1` AS t10_r1, addresses_lienholders.`line2` AS t10_r2, addresses_lienholders.`city` AS t10_r3, addresses_lienholders.`state` AS t10_r4, addresses_lienholders.`zip_code` AS t10_r5, addresses_lienholders.`addressable_id` AS t10_r6, addresses_lienholders.`addressable_type` AS t10_r7, addresses_lienholders.`version` AS t10_r8 FROM bmic_quotes LEFT OUTER JOIN insurances ON insurances.insurable_id = bmic_quotes.id AND insurances.insurable_type = ‘BmicQuote’ LEFT OUTER JOIN insureds ON insureds.id = insurances.insured_id LEFT OUTER JOIN addresses ON addresses.addressable_id = insureds.id AND addresses.addressable_type = ‘Insured’ LEFT OUTER JOIN agents ON agents.id = bmic_quotes.agent_id LEFT OUTER JOIN addresses addresses_agents ON addresses_agents.addressable_id = agents.id AND addresses_agents.addressable_type = ‘Agent’ LEFT OUTER JOIN quote_items ON quote_items.bmic_quote_id = bmic_quotes.id LEFT OUTER JOIN item_perils ON item_perils.perilable_id = quote_items.id AND item_perils.perilable_type = ‘QuoteItem’ LEFT OUTER JOIN quote_item_liens ON (quote_item_liens.quote_item_id = quote_items.id) LEFT OUTER JOIN liens ON (liens.id = quote_item_liens.lien_id) LEFT OUTER JOIN lienholders ON lienholders.id = liens.lienholder_id LEFT OUTER JOIN addresses addresses_lienholders ON addresses_lienholders.addressable_id = lienholders.id AND addresses_lienholders.addressable_type = ‘Lienholder’ WHERE (bmic_quotes.id = 12)

———————————————————-
That’s right, 11 joins and a whole lot of sql from only one long line of rails code. The great thing is someone probably knows an even better way to handle this using rails functionality.

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